Metformin for PCOS: Everything You Need to Know
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine and hormone disorder among women of reproductive age. It is characterized by a combination of symptoms such as irregular periods, high levels of male hormones, and polycystic ovaries. PCOS can also lead to a range of health problems such as infertility, diabetes, and heart disease. Metformin, a medication that is commonly used to treat type 2 diabetes, has also been shown to be effective in treating some of the symptoms of PCOS. In this blog, we will explore everything you need to know about Metformin and PCOS.
What is Metformin?
Metformin is an oral medication that is commonly used to treat type 2 diabetes. It works by decreasing the glucose produced and improving insulin sensitivity in the body. This helps to lower blood sugar levels and control diabetes. Metformin is also sometimes used to treat Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and gestational diabetes.
What Does Metformin Do for PCOS?
Metformin has been shown to be effective in treating some of the symptoms of PCOS. One of the main symptoms of PCOS is insulin resistance, which can lead to high levels of insulin in the body. Metformin works by improving insulin sensitivity in the body, which helps to lower insulin levels and reduce the symptoms of PCOS. This can help to regulate menstrual cycles, reduce hair growth, and improve fertility in women with PCOS.
What Are the Benefits of Metformin for PCOS?
You may be wondering... how does Metformin help PCOS? Metformin has several benefits for women with PCOS. These include:
- Regulating menstrual cycles: Women with PCOS often have irregular menstrual cycles due to hormone imbalances. Metformin can help to regulate menstrual cycles by reducing insulin resistance and improving hormone levels in the body.
- Reducing hair growth: Women with PCOS often experience excess hair growth on their face, chest, and back. Metformin can help to reduce hair growth by reducing insulin levels in the body.
- Improving fertility: PCOS is the leading cause of infertility most commonly due to irregular menstrual cycles and hormone imbalances. Metformin can help to improve fertility by regulating menstrual cycles and improving hormone levels in the body.
- Lowering the risk of diabetes: Women with PCOS have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Metformin can help to lower this risk by improving insulin sensitivity and reducing insulin resistance in the body.
What are the side effects of Metformin?
Like all medications, Metformin can have side effects. Common side effects of Metformin include:
- Nausea and vomiting: Some people may experience nausea and vomiting when taking Metformin. This can usually be reduced by taking the medication with food.
- Diarrhea: Metformin can cause diarrhea in some people. This can usually be reduced by starting with a lower dose and gradually increasing it over time.
- Abdominal discomfort: Some people may experience abdominal discomfort such as bloating, gas, or cramping when taking Metformin.
- Lactic acidosis: In rare cases, Metformin can cause a serious condition called lactic acidosis. This occurs when there is a buildup of lactic acid in the body, which can be life-threatening. Symptoms include muscle pain, weakness, and difficulty breathing.
If you experience any side effects when taking Metformin, it is important to talk to your doctor.
Who can take Metformin for PCOS?
Metformin is generally safe for most people with PCOS. However, it is not suitable for everyone. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should not take Metformin.
Can You Take S'moo alongside Metformin?
Great question! Many S'moo Babes take our Hormone Balance Powder - Ovary Good alongside Metformin. However, we always recommend running it by your doctor prior to changing your medication or supplement routine.
Can You Take Any Supplements in Place of Taking Metformin?
It's important to work with a healthcare provider to create a treatment plan that works for your specific needs and goals. That being said, let's explore PCOS supplements that may be helpful for women.
- Inositol: Inositol is a type of sugar that is found in various foods and supplements. Inositol has been shown to regulate menstrual cycles and improve insulin sensitivity in women with PCOS. In fact, inositol has been found to be just as effective as metformin in managing insulin resistance and improving fertility outcomes in women with PCOS. Some women may find that taking inositol supplements can help them manage their symptoms and reduce their reliance on medication.
- Vitamin D: Vitamin D deficiency is common in women with PCOS and may contribute to insulin resistance and other PCOS symptoms. Studies have shown that vitamin D supplementation can improve insulin sensitivity, menstrual regularity, and other PCOS symptoms. If you have PCOS, it's a good idea to have your vitamin D levels checked and talk to your healthcare provider about whether supplementation may be beneficial for you.
- N-acetylcysteine (NAC): NAC is an antioxidant that may help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce androgen levels in women with PCOS. It may also improve ovulation and menstrual regularity. .
- Omega-3 fatty acids: Omega-3s are found in fatty fish and fish oil supplements, and have anti-inflammatory properties that may help to reduce inflammation and improve insulin sensitivity in women with PCOS. Some studies have found that omega-3 supplementation can improve menstrual regularity and reduce androgen levels in women with PCOS.
While these supplements may have some benefits for women with PCOS, it's important to remember that they should not be seen as a replacement for medical treatment. If you have PCOS, it's important to work with a healthcare provider to create a treatment plan that addresses your specific symptoms and needs. This may include a combination of medication, lifestyle changes, and supplements.
All of these supplements are included in S'moo Ovary Good and may be beneficial for women with PCOS, but it's important to talk to your healthcare provider before starting any new supplements to ensure it is the right fit for you.
*The content in this article is provided for informational purposes only. This is not intended to prevent, diagnose, treat, or cure any health conditions. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice or consultation. Talk to your doctor before making changes to your healthcare regimen.